How to End the War in Iraq

Below are some excerpts from a letter posted on the web to George Bush from Joseph George Caldwell, who spent much of his career working in military systems analysis and served as director of research and development at the US Army Electronic Proving Ground’s Electromagnetic Environmental Test Facility. He has conducted much research in the area of strategic planning and analysis and maintains a popular Internet website ( on strategy, politics, and warfare.

My proposal is this: Divide (balkanize) the country into three parts – three countries: one for the Kurds (“Kurdistan”), one for the Sunnis (“Sunnistan”) and one for the Shiites / Shias (“Shiastan”). Relocate people as required to create a homogeneous population within each country (as was done, e.g., in Cyprus and in India/Pakistan several decades ago and in a number of countries in North and South America a few hundred years ago). In each country, place a powerful and respected family in charge. Each family will be responsible for running its country in an orderly fashion. Each family will be beholden to the US for its position. The requirement for continued US support will be the development of its oil resources, and trade oil with the outside world. If it does not comply with this requirement, it will be replaced.

As currently constituted, and under current circumstances, Iraq is not governable. There is not, as is so often referred to in the press, an “Iraqi people.” There are basically three Iraqi peoples – the Kurds, the Sunnis, and the Shias. My proposal recognizes this fact. A strong nation is comprised of a population that is highly homogeneous with respect to basic human attributes, such as language, religion, race, geography and culture. Profound differences in ethnicity and religion are currently tearing Iraq apart. As three separate nations, stability, order and peace will return. I know that diversity is important to you, and trying to minimize diversity by forcing a single nation instead of three diverse ones is very much counter to the goal of promoting diversity.

I know that you have expressed a desire to install democracy in Iraq. Unfortunately, Iraq is not ready for democracy. Iraq’s religion, politics, and culture are hundreds of years behind the West. Cultures cannot be changed very fast – recall the fate of Shah Reza Pahlavi of Iran, who tried to “westernize” that country too fast. Democracy is not very important to current Iraqi peoples. What is very important to them at the present time is self-determination. And there are three major subpopulations, each of which wishes to be independent of the others. It took the West a thousand years to evolve its current democratic institutions from those of the Middle Ages. Expecting Iraq to move from its Middle-Age culture overnight is unrealistic.

The solution that I am proposing is not original with me. It was proposed hundreds of years ago by Machiavelli – and thousands of years ago by Sun Tzu. It is based on sound and tested principles of politics and warfare. The current approach of trying to impose an alien culture (democracy) overnight in Iraq, and govern radically different and inimical populations by means of democracy, is doomed to failure.

Link How to End the War in Iraq