Environmental Collapse Kills Societies

Jared Diamond’s book Collapse identifies five factors that contribute to societies disappearing:

  • climate change
  • hostile neighbors
  • trade partners (that is, alternative sources of essential goods)
  • environmental problems, and
  • a society’s response to its environmental problems

The first four may or may not prove significant in each society’s demise, Diamond claims, but the fifth always does.

Link: Jared Diamond’s Collapse traces the fates of societies to their treatment of the environment | By Michael J. Kavanagh | Grist Magazine | Books Unbound | 08 Feb 2005.