Freshwater Indices: Water Poverty Index

Does the availability of fresh water affect the prosperity of a country? The Water Poverty Index suggests that it does.

In determining whether a country is water poor, the Water Poverty Index considers five components: resources, access, capacity, use and environment. The researchers limited their analysis to the area of access, which focused on the percent of population with access to clean water, sanitation and irrigation.

The top five countries with access to clean water are Canada, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Guyana.

The bottom five countries with access to clean water are Ethiopia, Haiti, Niger, Eritrea, Djibouti.

The United States ranks 34th out of 147 countries with a rating of 65. (The highest rating is 78, the lowest 35.)

Link: Freshwater Indices: Water Poverty Index

Water Resources and Freshwater Ecosystems — Freshwater Indices: Water Poverty Index Units: Index Number 0-100; lower scores indicate water scarcity and poor water provision

Country ISO 2002
Algeria DZA 50
Angola AGO 41
Argentina ARG 61
Armenia ARM 54
Australia AUS 62
Austria AUT 75
Bahrain BHR 56
Bangladesh BGD 54
Barbados BRB 66
Belarus BLR 61
Belgium BEL 61
Belize BLZ 66
Benin BEN 39
Bhutan BTN 56
Bolivia BOL 63
Botswana BWA 57
Brazil BRA 61
Bulgaria BGR 63
Burkina Faso BFA 42
Burundi BDI 40
Cambodia KHM 46
Cameroon CMR 54
Canada CAN 78
Cape Verde CPV 41
Côte d’Ivoire CIV 46
Central African Rep CAF 44
Chad TCD 39
Chile CHL 69
China CHN 51
Colombia COL 66
Comoros COM 44
Congo COG 57
Congo, Dem Rep COD 46
Costa Rica CRI 67
Croatia HRV 68
Cyprus CYP 62
Czech Rep CZE 61
Denmark DNK 61
Djibouti DJI 38
Dominican Rep DOM 59
Ecuador ECU 67
Egypt EGY 58
El Salvador SLV 56
Equatorial Guinea GNQ 68
Eritrea ERI 37
Ethiopia ETH 35
Fiji FJI 62
Finland FIN 78
France FRA 68
Gabon GAB 62
Gambia GMB 48
Georgia GEO 60
Germany DEU 65
Ghana GHA 45
Greece GRC 66
Guatemala GTM 59
Guinea GIN 52
Guinea-Bissau GNB 48
Guyana GUY 76
Haiti HTI 35
Honduras HND 60
Hungary HUN 61
Iceland ISL 77
India IND 53
Indonesia IDN 65
Iran, Islamic Rep IRN 60
Ireland IRL 73
Israel ISR 54
Italy ITA 61
Jamaica JAM 58
Japan JPN 65
Jordan JOR 46
Kazakhstan KAZ 58
Kenya KEN 47
Korea, Rep KOR 62
Kuwait KWT 54
Kyrgyzstan KGZ 64
Lao People’s Dem Rep LAO 54
Lebanon LBN 56
Lesotho LSO 43
Madagascar MDG 48
Malawi MWI 38
Malaysia MYS 67
Mali MLI 41
Mauritania MRT 50
Mauritius MUS 60
Mexico MEX 58
Moldova, Rep MDA 49
Mongolia MNG 55
Morocco MAR 46
Mozambique MOZ 45
Myanmar MMR 54
Namibia NAM 60
Nepal NPL 54
Netherlands NLD 69
New Zealand NZL 69
Nicaragua NIC 58
Niger NER 35
Nigeria NGA 44
Norway NOR 77
Oman OMN 59
Pakistan PAK 58
Panama PAN 67
Papua New Guinea PNG 55
Paraguay PRY 56
Peru PER 64
Philippines PHL 61
Poland POL 56
Portugal PRT 65
Qatar QAT 57
Romania ROU 59
Russian Federation RUS 63
Rwanda RWA 39
Saudi Arabia SAU 53
Senegal SEN 45
Sierra Leone SLE 42
Singapore SGP 56
Slovakia SVK 71
Slovenia SVN 69
South Africa ZAF 52
Spain ESP 64
Sri Lanka LKA 56
Sudan SDN 49
Suriname SUR 75
Swaziland SWZ 53
Sweden SWE 72
Switzerland CHE 72
Syrian Arab Rep SYR 55
Tajikistan TJK 59
Tanzania TZA 48
Thailand THA 64
Togo TGO 46
Trinidad and Tobago TTO 59
Tunisia TUN 51
Turkey TUR 57
Turkmenistan TKM 70
Uganda UGA 44
United Arab Emirates ARE 52
United Kingdom GBR 72
United States USA 65
Uruguay URY 67
Uzbekistan UZB 61
Venezuela VEN 65
Viet Nam VNM 52
Yemen YEM 44
Zambia ZMB 50
Zimbabwe ZWE 53
Source
Natural Environment Research Council, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. 2002. The Water Poverty Index: International Comparisons. Available on-line at: http://www.nerc-wallingford.ac.uk/research/WPI/images/wdpaper.pdf. Wallingford: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.